10 Questions You Must Ask Before Choosing A Dentist

The health of our teeth and mouth is associated to the general health of our body in various ways. The ability to chew our food is very important to acquire the necessary nutrients we need for a good health. Besides this, poor dental health can also have adverse effect on our speech and self-esteem. It becomes compulsory for us to spare sometime for a health check-up. More than this, it is also important to be in touch with the right dentist who understands your dental health and diseases and suggests the right kind of treatment. You can ask the following questions on your first visit to a dentist to understand his capabilities:

1. What is the experience of the dentist?

The number of years the dentist has been practicing dentistry will help you to know how successful has he been in his profession. With this information you will know whether you should trust him for your dental health or not.

2. What are the charges for dental check-ups and cavity fillings?

It is important to know how much amount will you be paying for your treatment. If the cost is not really something that you can afford, you might want to approach another dentist.

3. Whether the dentist will be part of your health insurance plan?

This question will help you know the extent to which the dentist will be able to further assist you in filing documents towards health insurance and mediclaim reimbursements.

4. How will the payment be disbursed?

This is important to ask in order to understand the fees, schedule and method of payment before you decide to opt for the services of a particular dentist.

5. What are the specializations of the dentist?

You can ask him this question to know if he can actually solve your problem. Depending upon the specialization the dentist could be an expert in endodontics, oral and maxillofacial pathology, orthodontics, periodontics and pediatric dentistry.

6. What are the arrangements made to tackle emergency situations?

This will let you know whom and how to approach in case when the dental clinic is closed or when the dentist has a weekly off.

7. What are the working hours of the dental clinic?

It is important to know the working hours of a dental clinic so that you can contact them and take an appointment for a check-up.

8. What is the contact information of the dentist?

In times of emergency, it is vital to have the contact number of the dentist. You might be facing a severe problem in your teeth which would need immediate attention. If you have the contact number you will be able to get in touch with the dentist quickly.

9. Where is the clinic situated?

A higher proximity of the clinic from your home means you will not face any time and distance constraints for getting the right treatment for your teeth.

10. Are there any follow-up visits provided?

A dental clinic that offers follow-up visits offers a chance for quick recovery of your dental health with utmost precision and care. Hence this question must also be part of your question bank.

Anophthalmia Causes, Signs & Symptoms

There are several eye disorders which are diagnosed among infants and small children. Some are commonly seen and heard of while some are very rare and very critical. One such eye disorder is known as Anophthalmia. This terminology explains the most critical eye disorder found amongst babies wherein either one of the two eyes or both the eyes do not develop completely, thus leaving the child without one or both eyes. As per medical analysis, it is inferred that the two most important elements of the eye i.e. the ocular tissue as well as the globe known as human eye in normal terminology are missing. It is believed that Anophthalmia is a rarely found eye disorder. This disorder is closely associated with microphthalmia. Under this terminology, either one of the eyes or both are found to be smaller in size compared to the normal size. The extreme case of microphthalmia is known as Secondary Anophthalmia.


A lot of research has been conducted on this eye disorder to find out its root cause. According to the findings so far it has been derived that Anophthalmia may be an outcome of genetic abnormality or mutations. It can also be linked with anomalous chromosome patterns. The research further indicated some additional factors responsible for such disorder. Although these factors are not the only possible cause yet they do count as one of the major causes. Factors like contact with harmful X-rays or hazardous chemicals as well as toxic pesticides and drugs are considered to be some of the known causes for Anophthalmia. In some cases, there has been no specific reason or cause derived for the occurring of such disorder and hence the research has not been conclusive so far.

Signs and Symptoms

There are several signs and symptoms associated with Anophthalmia. Some of the major signs and symptoms are missing human eyes, tiny eyes, hypothalamus development, severe improper development of brain and many more. Due to absence of the eyes, several developments are observed around that region such as bony orbit, short eyelids, diminished palpebral fissure, concentrated malar, compressed musical socket, etc. according to research, the cause for true Anophthalmia is not known.


Diagnosis of this disorder is based on various clinical experiments and tests as well as imaging studies and analysis. The process comprises A-scan ultra-sonography. With the help of this, researchers are able to measure the entire axial length. The B-scan ultra-sonography is associated the analysis and evaluation of inside pattern of the globe. The size and internal pattern of the globe is evaluated through MRI or CT scan of orbits as well as brain. This also helps in evaluation of the optic nerve, whole study of the brain and extra ocular muscles. Another major aspect of the diagnosis of Anophthalmia includes a thorough research on the parental history and family case history along with deep study of the chromosome patterns.


This disorder can be treated to quite an extent using a very common tool known to be used extensively for its treatment. This common tool is known as conformer. Conformer is not a replacement for the eye but it is known for acquiring the shape of the eye socket. It then stimulates the growth process. This equipment widens the orbit and helps the eyelid to open. Hence a prosthetic eye can be painted in that region.


Any kind of prevention measure is not possible in the case of Anophthalmia. One of the reasons for failure of prevention is owing to the genetic abnormalities being its one of the root causes. There are only ways and means to diagnose it before the birth of the child.

Six Foods to Eat to Increase Breastmilk Supply

It is extremely important from the point of view of any breastfeeding mom to find out certain foods that can enhance milk supply to feed their young one/s. Foods which are rich in certain properties to boost lactation are often referred to as galactagogues or lactogenic foods. Having these essential foods in your diet can certainly improve milk supply along with pumping and nursing to a certain extent. So, here are certain foods that are ideal for boosting milk supply in breastfeeding moms.

1. Oatmeal

Oatmeal has been on top of the diet list for long due to its rich properties that are essential for boosting milk supply. It is highly recommended for breastfeeding moms because apart from milk production it also helps to lower cholesterol levels and maintain blood pressure levels. These features of Oatmeal help the body to function normally to generate milk. Doctors recommend Oatmeal because it is a comfort food and it help breastfeeding moms to relax which in turn releases oxytocin, which a hormone that boosts milk production.

2. Spinach

Breastfeeding moms require high calorie intake and also certain minerals and vitamins. This is where Spinach intake can be beneficial as it is rich in iron, calcium, vitamin K and A along with Folic acid. Folic acid is absolutely essential for breastfeeding moms or pregnant women. Spinach is a dark green leafy vegetable which has certain major components that are essential for women and one such component is phytoestrogen. This component helps in lactation by promoting the health of breast tissues.

3. Carrots

Carrots are not lactogenic foods, but it contains phytoestrogens just like Spinach. Carrots are rich in vitamin A and beta carotene which are extremely essential for lactating mothers and require plenty of these. Carrot juice is one of the best things that a lactating mother can have because not only it helps in regaining energy but it also helps in the improvement of breast milk quality. If you can intake carrot juice just before your afternoon lunch, it can boost your milk supply post lunch.

4. Hummus

Legumes are great source of milk and these are highly recommended by doctors to breastfeeding moms as lactogenic foods. Food items like lentils, chickpeas, lima beans, green beans can be extremely beneficial for lactating mothers. Hummus is a traditional recipe that is made from tahini, chickpeas, garlic, olive oil and lemon juice is a perfect recipe for breastfeeding moms to boost their milk supply. This food item is rich in protein and the combination of garlic and chickpeas make it one of the most sought after snack for lactating mothers.

5. Papaya

Papayas are mostly used in Asian countries as a lactogenic food item. There is not much information available about its inherent properties, but the juice of green papaya can help in enhancing breast tissues which can improve lactation. Papaya has enzymes and phytochemicals that react with the body and boosts lactation. It can also be used as natural sedative. This helps a great deal in relaxation of the body which in turn improves the supply of milk.

6. Asparagus

Asparagus is rich in vitamin A, C and K and it also comprises of folic acid, fiber and other essential ingredients. It is considered by many as an ideal food for lactating mothers. Just like some of the other food items, it also contains phytoestrogens. The presence of phytoestrogen helps in boosting milk supply and high fiber contain aids in maintaining the supply.

Diseases That Affect The Nervous System

Nervous system creates an intricate network of electric signals that are responsible for co-ordinating muscles and their movements. Nervous system is made up of numbers of specialised cells which are called as neurons that convey the signals in between various body parts that in turn controls the actions and reaction of a human body. Any defect in brain or nervous system can hamper the functioning of a body. Most of the disorders that affect nervous system have a genetic component to it and most of them are caused by specific genes. There are numerous diseases that affect the functionality of nervous system and some of the most common diseases are:

Alzheimer’s disease: The disease affects the nervous system and some of the most common symptoms of this disorder are troubles with memory, weak thinking and judgmental capacity. With the advancement of disease patients can experience memory loss and dementia. There is no permanent cure available for this disease though symptoms can be treated with medication.

Epilepsy: It is a disorder that is characterised by recurrent seizures. There are many types of epilepsy and seizures experienced by the patients and the epilepsy drugs try to control the symptoms of seizures as well.

Multiple Sclerosis: It affects brain and nervous system cell and the early symptoms of the disease include tightening, weakness, numbness and blurred vision. Thinking problems, muscle stiffness and urinary troubles are also some of the common symptom of this disease.

Parkinson disease: The nerve cells in the brain that produces dopamine are affected by Parkinson disease. Muscle rigidity, tremors, gait and change in speech are some of the common symptoms of this disease.

Stroke: bleeding in the brain or blocked blood vessels could cause this stroke. This disease creates sudden headache, numbness, weakness, trouble in talking and walking, confusion, dizziness and slurred speech.

Restless Leg Syndrome: This disease creates a strong sensation or urge to move during the night. This unbearable sensation makes it very difficult to sleep in the night.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS): It is a neurological disorder in which progressive degeneration of motor neuron cells occur in brain or spinal cord. If the disease is not treated in time then it can lead to paralysis or death.

Gaucher disease: It is a genetic disorder that affects the nervous system of the body. In this disease the body is not able to break the enzyme properly and thus it leads to a fat deposition in bone marrow, liver and spleen. Enzyme replacement therapy is the most common treatment for this disease.

Lesch-Nyhan syndrome (LNS): This disease disrupts the metabolism of raw materials called as purines that are responsible for gene formation.

Huntington disease (HD): It is an inherited disorder that leads to a degenerative neurological disease. This disease is caused by the mutation in a gene that is found on chromosome 4. More than 30,000 Americans are affected by this disease and many more can get it as an inherited disorder from their parents.

Stye Causes, Signs and Symptoms

Amongst the known eye disorders, Stye is yet another commonly known eye disorder. An infection is caused in the sweat glands of the eyelid due to which this disorder is formed. It mostly occurs when a blockage is found in such glands inside the eyelid. Under the influence of this disorder, a lump like formation known as “Chalazion” is formed which looks reddish and pains a lot. This formation is a result of the blockage caused in the glands due to which the oil excreted by the gland flows back and squeezes out through the wall of the gland. Bacteria can regularly infect the gland which is blocked and thus stimulate the inflammation of the eye causing the eye to be red and painful. The medical term for this disorder is known as “Hordeolum”.


A bacterium called as staphylococcus is known to be one of the prime causes of creating the infection thus creating Stye. It is inferred that such bacteria are known to be living on the human skin without causing much harm. Another prime cause of this disorder is the sustained inflammation feeling sensed in the eyelid. Known as a commonly occurring disorder, it is believed that Styes can occur once or not more than twice in a lifespan of any person.

Causes of this disorder pertain to the type of Stye occurred. The first known type is the external Stye and the second type is known as the internal Stye. An external Stye is caused due to reasons such as infection detected in the eyelash follicle from where the eyelash grows, infection in the sebaceous glands which produces oil like substance thus avoiding the eyelashes from drying and infection caused in the apocrine or Moll gland. Whereas, an internal Stye is caused due to an infection found in the Meibomian gland which are present in the eyelids and known to be generating a thick substance that forms as a portion of the tear film covering your eye.

Signs & Symptoms

There are several signs and symptoms which can be seen during the occurrence of the disorder. They are:

Pain in the eyes

Redness of the eyelids and the region around the eyes

Swelling of the eyelid

A lump like formation found on the top or bottom edge of the eyelid

Sensitivity while touching

Inflammation and constant burning sensation in the eye

Unclear or blur vision

Itchy feeling

The eyelids appear to be droopy or bulgy


A Stye can be diagnosed simply by observing the signs and symptoms shown by this disorder. Mostly the doctors ask questions to the patient regarding their experience of the pain in the eye and check for the signs and symptoms. There is no specific diagnosis method dedicated for this disorder.


In most common cases, the Stye subsides by itself within a given span of two to three weeks since its formation. One should avoid bursting the lump by themselves. Warm compresses or antibiotic eye drops with come prescribed medicine should heal this disorder within no time.


Basic hygiene and regular cleaning of the eye is a must to avoid any bacterial infections.