Amongst the known eye disorders, Stye is yet another commonly known eye disorder. An infection is caused in the sweat glands of the eyelid due to which this disorder is formed. It mostly occurs when a blockage is found in such glands inside the eyelid. Under the influence of this disorder, a lump like formation known as “Chalazion” is formed which looks reddish and pains a lot. This formation is a result of the blockage caused in the glands due to which the oil excreted by the gland flows back and squeezes out through the wall of the gland. Bacteria can regularly infect the gland which is blocked and thus stimulate the inflammation of the eye causing the eye to be red and painful. The medical term for this disorder is known as “Hordeolum”.
A bacterium called as staphylococcus is known to be one of the prime causes of creating the infection thus creating Stye. It is inferred that such bacteria are known to be living on the human skin without causing much harm. Another prime cause of this disorder is the sustained inflammation feeling sensed in the eyelid. Known as a commonly occurring disorder, it is believed that Styes can occur once or not more than twice in a lifespan of any person.
Causes of this disorder pertain to the type of Stye occurred. The first known type is the external Stye and the second type is known as the internal Stye. An external Stye is caused due to reasons such as infection detected in the eyelash follicle from where the eyelash grows, infection in the sebaceous glands which produces oil like substance thus avoiding the eyelashes from drying and infection caused in the apocrine or Moll gland. Whereas, an internal Stye is caused due to an infection found in the Meibomian gland which are present in the eyelids and known to be generating a thick substance that forms as a portion of the tear film covering your eye.
Signs & Symptoms
There are several signs and symptoms which can be seen during the occurrence of the disorder. They are:
Pain in the eyes
Redness of the eyelids and the region around the eyes
Swelling of the eyelid
A lump like formation found on the top or bottom edge of the eyelid
Sensitivity while touching
Inflammation and constant burning sensation in the eye
Unclear or blur vision
The eyelids appear to be droopy or bulgy
A Stye can be diagnosed simply by observing the signs and symptoms shown by this disorder. Mostly the doctors ask questions to the patient regarding their experience of the pain in the eye and check for the signs and symptoms. There is no specific diagnosis method dedicated for this disorder.
In most common cases, the Stye subsides by itself within a given span of two to three weeks since its formation. One should avoid bursting the lump by themselves. Warm compresses or antibiotic eye drops with come prescribed medicine should heal this disorder within no time.
Basic hygiene and regular cleaning of the eye is a must to avoid any bacterial infections.